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Typhoid Fever

By – Uchechi Iroakazi

typhoid fever spread

Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that causes havoc to the body. It is also known as enteric fever. Typhoid fever is caused by the salmonella typhi bacterium. Typhoid fever is contagious. The reason is because an infected person can pass the bacteria out from their faeces. Also, if someone eats food or drinks fluid that has been contaminated with the bacterium, then typhoid can be contracted. Typhoid fever has no age limit. It can affect women, men and children of all ages.

Symptoms of typhoid fever

There are certain things people experience when they suffer typhoid fever, some of them include:

typhoid fever spread 2

  • Fever
  • Stomach pain
  • Back pain
  • Muscle ache
  • Joint pain
  • Headache
  • Diarrohea
  • Constipation
  • Cough
  • Rash
  • Loss of appetite

How does typhoid fever spread?

Typhoid spreads through:

  • Contaminated fluid and water
  • Coming in contact with faeces of contaminated person

What happens if typhoid fever is left untreated?

When typhoid fever is left untreated, things could go worse, and the individual could experience things like:

  • Confusion
  • Bleeding from the intestine
  • Pus in the liver and spleen.

How is typhoid treated?

The first thing to do, anytime you feel unwell, is to visit your doctor, So that he can pin-point what the problem is. Usually certain illnesses have similar symptoms. That is why self-medication is risky. More so, the doctor will send you for certain diagnostic laboratory test, to confirm his diagnosis. Usually the doctor prescribes antibiotics to treat typhoid fever.

Preventing typhoid fever

There are certain measures one can take to prevent typhoid fever, they include;

typhoid fever spread 3

  • Maintain a good hygiene and sanitary conditions
  • Practice hand washing
  • Take the typhoid vaccine
  • Quit eating from dirty restaurants

Typhoid fever can be dangerous but it is readily treatable. Ensure to live safe.


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